How do users construct product search queries and navigate search results on e-commerce sites?
This study is based on extensive usability research on how users construct product search queries and navigate the results on e-commerce sites – condensed into 49 search UX guidelines.
A group of users age 21-56 were recruited to test 19 leading e-commerce sites across 8 different verticals. Despite testing multi-million dollar sites, more than 700 search-specific usability issues arose during testing. All these issues have been analyzed and distilled into 49 guidelines on search usability.
From this research study, you’ll learn exactly what users expect as they perform searches on e-commerce sites, what typically goes wrong in the process, why it goes wrong, and exactly what changes to make to avoid these issues. In short: how to design a high-performing search experience for your users. After all, if users can’t find what they are searching for, they can’t buy it from you.
While many of the 49 guidelines will be on search logic, more than half of the guidelines are simple design and interaction changes for the search field, autocomplete functionality, and the search results page, as these elements proved to have just as crucial an impact on the user’s ability to find what they were looking for.
This page provides you with an overview of our research specific to E-Commerce Search UX. All of this research is available as part of Baymard Premium.
To accompany the usability test sessions we’ve also benchmarked 214 leading US and European e-commerce sites across each of the On-site Search usability guidelines. Our Search UX benchmark database contains 6,000+ search elements that have been manually reviewed and scored by Baymard’s team of UX researchers, along with 3,500 best- and worst-practice examples from leading e-commerce sites (all categorized and performance verified).
The UX performance scores from our most recent Search UX benchmark update are plotted in the interactive scatterplot above.
The current overall lacking state of e-commerce search shouldn’t be understood as “users cannot use search on the benchmarked sites.” However, it is a clear indication that e-commerce search isn’t as easy to use as it should be and that users’ search success rates can be improved dramatically on many sites – even when looking at 214 major e-commerce sites. Generally, a high prioritization of the search experience is needed to catch up with those few sites who have a years-long head start, but it is achievable. Furthermore, as the poor overall state of search is present within all industries, most sites will have an opportunity to create a true competitive advantage by offering a vastly superior search experience compared to that of their competitors.
Since a poor-performing search experience can, aesthetically, look just as good as a high-performing search experience, gauging one’s own or a competitor’s search experience will require extensive testing and evaluation.
This is a subset of the full benchmark which includes 214 e-commerce sites.
View our full UX benchmark
View article “Deconstructing E-Commerce Search – The 12 Query Types
Explore design patterns across 2,400+ examples of e-commerce search designs and features from leading e-commerce sites, organized into 4 different page types. This is a great way to get inspiration for your own search design, and to get a feel for emerging trends in e-commerce search.
We’ve released a small subset of the Premium research finding on e-commerce search UX for free in these 21 articles:
Get full access to all our E-Commerce Search UX research reports, benchmarks, and page designs previewed here, along with our complete 650+ guidelines for Homepage & Category Navigation, Product Listing, Product Details Page, Checkout, Accounts & Self-Service, and Mobile E-Commerce. Utilize our 130,000 hours of UX research to improve your On-Site Search user experience and to document your UX decisions.
What are the 15 most important changes you can make to your e-commerce search engine and interface?
We will put together a detailed 40-page report of the 15 most important usability improvements you can make to your e-commerce search design and logic.